【91755103】：Late Carboniferous ophiolites from the southern Lancangjiang belt, SW China: Implication for the arc–back-arc system in the eastern Paleo-Tethys
The Paleo-Tethyan orogenic record is well preserved in the Sanjiang area of SW China. However, ophiolites are commonly dismembered in orogenic belt, and complete ophiolite sequences are rare in the Sanjiang area. In this manuscript, we present a newly discovered ophiolite in the Yakou-Banpo area of the southern Lancangjiang belt in the Sanjiang area, SW China. The ophiolite displays a complete Penrose-type ophiolite sequence, composed of serpentinized peridotite, isotropic and cumulate gabbros, massive and pillow basalts, and plagiogranite. Whole-rock geochemical data indicate that these rocks were formed in an oceanic ridge setting, and they show depletions in Nb, Ta and Ti, and enrichment in Pb, suggesting a supra-subduction zone affinity. Furthermore, positive εNd(t) (+4.5 to +6.7) and zircon εHf(t) values (+12.4 to +14.3), as well as mantle-like δ18O values (~5.5‰), suggest that these rocks were derived from a long-term depleted mantle source. SHRIMP zircon U-Pb dating yield weighted mean ages of 305±3Ma, 310±2Ma, and 313±6Ma. Hence, the Yakou-Banpo ophiolite belt formed during the Late Carboniferous (313–305Ma) and records the existence of a mature ocean basin. We propose that an arc–back-arc system developed in the Sanjiang Paleo-Tethyan orogenic belt of SW China during the Late Carboniferous.